Europe - General Knowledge Question and Answer

Europe - Question and Answer

Which one is the highest award of the United Kingdom honours system?  


George Cross
Victoria Cross
Order of the Garter
Conspicuous Gallantry Cross

Answer:

The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the United Kingdom honours system. It is awarded for gallantry "in the face of the enemy" to members of the British armed forces. It may be awarded posthumously. It was previously awarded to Commonwealth countries, most of which have established their own honours systems and no longer recommend British honours. It may be awarded to a person of any military rank in any service and to civilians under military command although no civilian has received the award since 1879. Since the first awards were presented by Queen Victoria in 1857, two-thirds of all awards have been personally presented by the British monarch. These investitures are usually held at Buckingham Palace.


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Who is the founder of Victoria Cross Award?  


Queen Elizabeth
Queen Victoria
King Edward
King George

Answer:

Queen Victoria is the founder of Victoria Cross Award


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Which one is the second highest award of the United Kingdom honours system?  


Royal Red Cross
Military Cross
George Cross
Order of the Garter

Answer:

The George Cross (GC) is the second highest award of the United Kingdom honours system. It is awarded 'for acts of the greatest heroism or for most conspicuous courage in the circumstance of extreme danger'. It is for acts not in the presence of the enemy to members of the British armed forces and to British civilians. It has been awarded posthumously since it was instituted. It was previously awarded to Commonwealth countries, most of which have established their own honours systems and no longer recommend British honours. It may be awarded to a person of any military rank in any service and to civilians including police, emergency services and merchant seamen. Many of the awards have been personally presented by the British monarch to both recipients and in the case of posthumous awards to next of kin. These investitures are usually held at Buckingham Palace.


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Who was the first recipient of The George Cross award?  


Michael Howlett
Patrick Burnett
John Campion
All

Answer:

Michael Howlett, Patrick Burnett, John Campion was in Royal Air Force Team. All of them was the first recipient of The George Cross award in 1940.

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In which year The George Cross Award Established?  


1922
1940
1907
1866

Answer:

In 24 September 1940 The George Cross Award Established.


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In which year Edward Medal Replaced by George Cross?  


1922
1971
1940
1944

Answer:

Edward Medal Replaced by George Cross in 1971.

Imgae: Edward Medal


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In which year Order of the Garter Established?  


1558
1348
1940
1900

Answer:

In 1348 Order of the Garter Established.


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Who established The Most Noble Order of the Garter?  


Queen Elizabeth
Queen Victoria
Edward III
Queen Elizabeth II

Answer:

The Most Noble Order of the Garter is an order of chivalry founded by Edward III in 1348 and regarded as the most prestigious British order of chivalry in England and the United Kingdom,


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Which one is the highest award of France?  


Order of Liberation
Order of Napoleon
Legion of Honour
Order of Merit

Answer:

The Legion of Honour, full name National Order of the Legion of Honour (French: Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte. The order is divided into five degrees of increasing distinction: Chevalier (Knight), Officier (Officer), Commandeur (Commander), Grand Officier (Grand Officer) and Grand-Croix (Grand Cross).


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Which one is the highest honour of the Kingdom of the Netherlands?  


Military William Order
Cross for Courage and Fidelity
Honorary Sabre
Dutch Cross of Resistance

Answer:

The Military William Order, or often named Military Order of William (Dutch: Militaire Willems-Orde, abbreviation: MWO), is the oldest and highest honour of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The Order's motto is Voor Moed, Beleid en Trouw (For Bravery, Leadership and Loyalty). The chivalric order was established on 30 April 1815 by King William I and was presented for feats of excellent bravery on the battlefield and as a meritorious decoration to senior military officers. Comparable with the French Legion d'Honneur but far less often awarded, the Military William Order is a chivalry order of merit open to everyone regardless of rank and nobility, and not only to Dutch military but also foreigners. To date membership of the Order is extremely rarely awarded and only for excellent bravery in battle.


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Which one is the highest award for Foreign Presidents and Heads of State given by Turkey president?  


Order of the Republic of Turkey
Order of the State of Republic of Turkey
Order of Merit of the Republic of Turkey
Order of Turkey

Answer:

The Order of the State of Republic of Turkey is the highest state order awarded to foreign nationals by the President of the Republic of Turkey.

The Order of the State is conferred by the President, upon the decision of the Council of Ministers, to the Heads of State and presidents in recognition of their contributions for enhancing the amicable relations between their respective countries and Turkey.


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Who was the first recipient of Order of the State of the Republic of Turkey?  


Heydar Aliyev
Lech Walesa
Alija Izetbegovic
Hosni Mubarak

Answer:

Lech Walesawas the President of Poland. And he was the first recipient of Order of the State of the Republic of Turkey in 1994.


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In which year Military William Order established?  


1800
1915
1815
1900

Answer:

In 1815 Military William Order established.


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Which one is the second highest state order after the Order of the State in Turkey?  


Order of Merit of the Republic of Turkey
Order of the Republic of Turkey
Order of President of Turkey
Order of Ottoman

Answer:

The Order of the Republic is the second highest state order after the Order of the State.

The Order is conferred by the President of Turkey, upon the decision of the Council of Ministers, to the prime ministers, ministers and members of foreign missions in recognition of their contributions for bringing the nations closer and enhancing the amicable relations between their respective countries and the Republic of Turkey.


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Who was the first recipient of Order of the Republic of Turkey?  


Nawaz Sharif
Muhammad bin Nayef
Yousaf Raza Gillani
Jack Straw

Answer:

Yousaf Raza Gillani was the former Prime Minister of Pakistan. He was the first recipient of Order of the Republic of Turkey in 2010.


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Who was the founder of The Legion of Honour?  


Louis Phillippe
Charles X
Napoleon Bonaparte
Henry III

Answer:

Napoleon Bonaparte was the founder of The Legion of Honour.


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Which one is the second highest award of France?  


Military Medal
Order of Liberation
National Order of Merit
Order of Napoleon

Answer:

The Order of Liberation is a French Order which was awarded to heroes of the Liberation of France during World War II. It is a very high honour, second only after the Legion d'Honneur (Legion of Honour). Very few people, military units and communes were ever awarded it; and only for their deeds during World War II. A different order, the Medaille de la Resistance ("Resistance Medal") was created and awarded for lesser but still distinguished deeds by members of the Resistance.


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Which one is the highest class of Legion of Honour?  


Officier
Chevalier
Commandeur
Grand Officier

Answer:

The Legion of Honour is divided into five degrees of increasing distinction: Chevalier (Knight), Officier (Officer), Commandeur (Commander), Grand Officier (Grand Officer) and Grand-Croix (Grand Cross).

Chevalier (Knight): minimum 20 years of public service or 25 years of professional activity with "eminent merits"

Officier (Officer): minimum 8 years in the rank of Chevalier

Commandeur (Commander): minimum 5 years in the rank of Officier

Grand Officier (Grand Officer): minimum 3 years in the rank of Commandeur

Grand Croix (Grand Cross): minimum 3 years in the rank of Grand Officier


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Who was the first recipient of Order of Merit of the Republic of Turkey?  


Joseph Jacob Heinotten
Clemens Holzmeister
All
None

Answer:

Joseph Jacob Heinotten and Clemens Holzmeister was the first recipient of The Order of Merit of the Republic of Turkey on 8 June 1990.


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In which year Napoleon established The Legion of Honour?  


1815
1802
1800
1805

Answer:

The Legion of Honour, full name National Order of the Legion of Honour is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits established 1802 by Napoleon Bonaparte.


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In which year Order of the State of Republic of Turkey established?  


1984
1994
1980
1990

Answer:

14 July 1994 Order of the State of Republic of Turkey established


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In which year National Order of Merit of France established?  


1960
1963
1950
1947

Answer:

The National Order of Merit (French: Ordre national du Merite) is a French order of merit with membership awarded by the President of the French Republic, founded on 3 December 1963 by President Charles de Gaulle. The reason for the order's establishment was twofold: to replace a large number of ministerial orders previously awarded by the ministries; and to create an award that can be awarded at a lower level than the Legion of Honour, which is generally reserved for French citizens. It comprises about 187,000 members worldwide.


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Which one is the highest award of Poland?  


War Order of Virtuti Militari
Order of the White Eagle
Order of Polonia Restituta
Order of the Military Cross

Answer:

The Order of the White Eagle (Polish: Order Orla Bialego) is Poland's highest order awarded to both civilians and the military for their merits. It was officially instituted on 1 November 1705 by Augustus II the Strong and bestowed on eight of his closest, diplomatic and political supporters.


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In which year Military William Order established?  


18100
1815
1810
1805

Answer:

The Military William Order, or often named Military Order of William (Dutch: Militaire Willems-Orde, abbreviation: MWO), is the oldest and highest honour of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The Order's motto is Voor Moed, Beleid en Trouw (For Bravery, Leadership and Loyalty). The chivalric order was established on 30 April 1815 by King William I and was presented for feats of excellent bravery on the battlefield and as a meritorious decoration to senior military officers.


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Who was the founder of The War Order of Virtuti Militari?  


Stanis?aw II August
John III Sobieski
Casimir III the Great
Sigismund II Augustus

Answer:

The War Order of Virtuti Militari (Latin: "For Military Virtue", Polish: Order Wojenny Virtuti Militari) is Poland's highest military decoration for heroism and courage in the face of the enemy at war. It was created in 1792 by Polish King Stanis?aw II August and is one of the oldest military decorations in the world still in use.


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In which year Order of Polonia Restituta established?  


1900
1890
1921
1929

Answer:

The Order of Polonia Restituta (Polish: Order Odrodzenia Polski, English: Order of Rebirth of Poland) is a Polish state order established 4 February 1921. It is conferred to both military and civilians as well as to foreigners for outstanding achievements in the fields of education, science, sport, culture, art, economics, national defense, social work, civil service, or for furthering good relations between countries.


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Which one is the highest award of Finland?  


Order of the White Rose of Finland
Order of the Cross of Liberty
Order of the Lion of Finland
Order of the Ruler of Finland

Answer:

Order of the Cross of Liberty is the highest award of Finland.


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In which year Order of the Cross of Liberty established?  


1900
1918
1920
1802

Answer:

The Order of the Cross of Liberty was founded on March 4, 1918, at the initiative of General C. G. E. Mannerheim. The Finnish artist Akseli Gallen-Kallela was commissioned to design the Order's insignia with the swastika.


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Which one is the highest award of Sweden?  


Order of the Sword
Royal Order of the Seraphim
Royal Order of the Polar Star
Royal Order of Vasa

Answer:

The Royal Order of the Seraphim (Swedish: Kungliga Serafimerorden) (Seraphim being a category of Angels) is a Swedish order of chivalry created by King Frederick I on 23 February 1748, together with the Order of the Sword and the Order of the Polar Star. Since the reorganization of the orders in 1975, the Order of the Seraphim is only awarded to foreign heads of state and members of the royal family (the last non-royal Swedish holder was Sten Rudholm). The order has only one class with the dignity of Knight (Member for women and Member of the Cloth for clergymen) and is the foremost order of Sweden.


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Which one is the second highest award of Sweden?  


Royal Order of the Sword
Royal Order of the Polar Star
Royal Order of Vasa
The Medal of the Seraphim

Answer:

The Order of the Sword (officially: Royal Order of the Sword) is a Swedish order of chivalry created by King Frederick I of Sweden on February 23, 1748, together with the Order of the Seraphim and the Order of the Polar Star.

It is the second highest award of Sweden after Royal Order of the Seraphim.


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In which year Order of the White Eagle of Poland established?  


1700
1705
1805
1800

Answer:

The Order of the White Eagle (Polish: Order Orla Bialego) is Poland's highest order awarded to both civilians and the military for their merits. It was officially instituted on 1 November 1705 by Augustus II the Strong and bestowed on eight of his closest, diplomatic and political supporters.


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Which one is the second highest award of Finland?  


Guild metal of merit
Order of the White Rose of Finland
Order of the Lion of Finland
The military merit medal

Answer:

The Order of the White Rose of Finland (Finnish: Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun ritarikunta; Swedish: Finlands Vita Ros' orden) is one of three official orders in Finland, along with the Order of the Cross of Liberty, and the Order of the Lion of Finland. The President of Finland is the Grand Master of all three orders. The orders are administered by boards consisting of a chancellor, a vice-chancellor and at least four members. The orders of the White Rose of Finland and the Lion of Finland have a joint board.


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Which one is the highest order of Belgium?  


Order of the Crown
Order of Leopold
Order of Leopold II
Military medals and decorations

Answer:

The Order of Leopold (Leopoldsorde in Dutch, Ordre de Leopold in French) is one of the three current Belgian national honorary orders of knighthood. It is the highest order of Belgium and is named in honour of King Leopold I. It consists of a military, a maritime and a civilian division. The maritime division is only awarded to personnel of the merchant navy, and the military division to military personnel. The decoration was established on 11 July 1832 and is awarded for extreme bravery in combat or for meritorious service of immense benefit to the Belgian nation. The Order of Leopold is awarded by Royal order.


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Which one is the highest award of Luxemburg?  


Order of Adolphe of Nassau
Order of Merit of the Grand Duchy
Order of the Oak Crown
Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau

Answer:

The Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau (French: Ordre du Lion d'Or de la Maison de Nassau, Dutch: (Huis)orde van de Gouden Leeuw van Nassau) is a chivalric order shared by the two branches (the Ottonian and Walram lines) of the House of Nassau.

In the capacity of the Walram line the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau is the highest Luxembourgian national order, bestowed by the Grand Duke of Luxembourg. It may be awarded on foreign sovereigns, princes of sovereign houses, and heads of state for meritous service to Luxembourg and the Grand Duke.


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Which one is the highest award of Portugal?  


Order of Christ
Order of the Tower and Sword
Military Order of St. James of the Sword
Military Order of Aviz

Answer:

The Military Order of the Tower and of the Sword, of Valour, Loyalty and Merit (Portuguese: Ordem Militar da Torre e Espada do Valor, Lealdade e Merito) is a Portuguese order of knighthood and the pinnacle of the Portuguese honours system. It was created by King Afonso V in 1459. The order may be bestowed on people or on Portuguese municipalities.


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Which one is the highest award of Italy?  


Military Order of Italy
Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
Gold Medal of Military Valour
Military Medal of Italy

Answer:

The Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (Italian: Ordine al merito della Repubblica Italiana) was founded as the senior order of knighthood by the second President of the Italian Republic, Luigi Einaudi in 1951. The highest ranking honour of the Republic, it is awarded for "merit acquired by the nation" in the fields of literature, the arts, economy, public service, and social, philanthropic and humanitarian activities and for long and conspicuous service in civilian and military careers. The post-nominal letters for the order are OMRI. The order effectively replaced as national orders the Civil Order of Savoy (1831), the Order of the Crown of Italy (1868), the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus (1572) and the Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation (1362).


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Which one is the highest Military award of Spain?  


Military Medal
Laureate Cross of Saint Ferdinand
Cruz de Guerra
Medalla del Ejercito

Answer:

The Royal and Military Order of Saint Ferdinand (Spanish: Real y Militar Orden de San Fernando), is a Spanish military order whose decoration, known as Laureate Cross of Saint Ferdinand (Spanish: Cruz Laureada de San Fernando), is Spain's highest military decoration for gallantry. It is awarded in recognition of action, either individual or collective, to protect the nation, its citizens or the peace and security of the international community in the face of immediate risk to the bearer or bearers' life or lives. Those eligible are current and former members of the Spanish Armed Forces.


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Which one is the highest military award of Russia?  


Hero of the Russia
Hero of the Soviet Union
Order of the Russian Federation
Hero of the Russian Federation

Answer:

Hero of the Russian Federation is the highest honorary title of the Russian Federation. A person that has been bestown this title also receives a Gold Star medal, an insignia of honor that identifies recipients.

The title is awarded to persons for "service to the Russian state and nation, usually connected with a heroic feat of valor". The title is bestowed by decree of the president of the Russian Federation. Russian citizenship or being in the service of the Russian state is not obligatory.

The title was established in 1992, and has been awarded more than 970 times since then, including more than 440 times posthumously.


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Which one is the highest military award of Norway?  


Royal Norwegian Order of Merit
Order of the Norwegian Lion
War Cross
Order of St. Olav

Answer:

The War Cross with Sword (Norwegian Bokmål: Krigskorset med Sverd, Norwegian Nynorsk: Krigskrossen med Sverd) is the highest ranking Norwegian gallantry decoration. It is awarded for extraordinary brave actions or extraordinary leadership during combat. A recipient deemed worthy of additional citations will receive up to an additional two swords on the medal ribbon in addition to the "standard" single sword. Additional citations are rare: Gunnar Sønsteby is the only person to have received the War Cross with three swords (more appropriately known as "War Cross with sword and two swords").


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In which year Order of Merit of the Italian Republic established?  


1960
1951
1950
1955

Answer:

The Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (Italian: Ordine al merito della Repubblica Italiana) was founded as the senior order of knighthood by the second President of the Italian Republic, Luigi Einaudi on 3 March 1951. The highest ranking honour of the Republic, it is awarded for "merit acquired by the nation" in the fields of literature, the arts, economy, public service, and social, philanthropic and humanitarian activities and for long and conspicuous service in civilian and military careers. The post-nominal letters for the order are OMRI. The order effectively replaced as national orders the Civil Order of Savoy (1831), the Order of the Crown of Italy (1868), the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus (1572) and the Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation (1362).


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Which one is the highest military decoration of Denmark?  


Order of Merit of Denmark
Laureate Cross of Denmark
Hero of the Denmark
Valour Cross

Answer:

The Valour Cross (Danish: Tapperhedskorset) is the highest military decoration of Denmark. Established on 14 November 2011, and first awarded on 18 November 2011, it is awarded for outstanding acts of courage in combat.


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In which year Laureate Cross of Saint Ferdinand established?  


1850
1811
1800
1810

Answer:

In 31 August 1811 Laureate Cross of Saint Ferdinand established.


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Which one is the highest award of Greece?  


Order of the Saviour
Order of the Redeemer
None
All

Answer:

The Order of the Redeemer, also known as the Order of the Saviour, is an order of merit of Greece. The Order of the Redeemer is the oldest and highest decoration awarded by the modern Greek state.


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In which year Hero of the Russian Federation established?  


1982
1980
1992
1990

Answer:

In 1992 Hero of the Russian Federation established.


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