Brazil tops the list of sugarcane producers, with an annual production of 739,300 thousand metric tons. The South-Central region of Brazil is accountable for more than 90 percent of this national production output. Sugar is the main product sourced from the sugarcane cultivated in this country. However, production of ethanol from residual molasses is now growing more popular, as ethanol is used as a fuel to power automobiles, which Brazilians are owning in larger numbers. Recently, the country has challenged sugar subsidies given by the Thai Government to the sugarcane producers at the World Trade Organization (WTO). These subsidies are likely to affect the global sugar pricing and Brazil's sugarcane market share everywhere.
South America ranks fourth in area (after Asia, Africa, and North America) and fifth in population (after Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America). Brazil is by far the most populous South American country, with more than half of the continent's population, followed by Colombia, Argentina, Venezuela and Peru.
The world's longest mountain range is the Andes, about 7,000 km (4,300 mi) long.It is located on the western coast of South America. The range stretches from north to south through seven countries in South America, along the west coast of the continent: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina.
Mt. Aconcagua is the highest mountain outside Asia, at 6,961 metres (22,838 ft), and by extension the highest point in both the Western Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere. It is located in the Andes mountain range, in the Mendoza Province, Argentina, and lies 112 kilometres (70 mi) northwest of its capital, the city of Mendoza. The summit is also located about five kilometres from San Juan Province and 15 kilometres from the international border with Chile. The mountain itself lies entirely within Argentina and immediately east of Argentina's border with Chile. Its nearest higher neighbor is Tirich Mir in the Hindu Kush, 16,520 kilometres (10,270 mi) away. It is one of the Seven Summits.