Jainism - General Knowledge Question and Answer

Jainism - Question and Answer

The main principles of Jainism is  



Ahimsa
Anekantavada
Aparigraha
All

Answer:

The three main principles of Jainism are ahimsa ('non-violence'), anekantavada ('non-absolutism'), and aparigraha ('non-attachment'); it is also characterized by asceticism.


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Who is the first Tirthankara of Jainism?  


Adinatha
Rishabhadeva
Prathamaraja
All

Answer:

Rishabhanatha (also Rsabhadeva, Rishabhadeva, or Rsabha which literally means "bull") is the first Tirthankara (ford maker) in Jainism. A mythical leader, he is believed in Jainism to have lived millions of years ago. He was the first of twenty-four teachers in the present half cycle of time in Jain cosmology and called a ford maker because his teachings helped one across the sea of interminable rebirths and deaths (samsara). He is also known as Adinatha of Jainism which translates into "First (Adi) Lord (Natha)", as well as Adishvara (first Ishvara), Yugadideva (deva of yuga), Prathamaraja (first king), and Nebheya (son of Nabhi). Along with Mahavira, Parshvanatha and Neminatha, Rishabhanatha is one of the four Tirthankaras that attract the most devotional worship among the Jains.


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Mahavira was the ___________ of Jainism  


24th Tirthankara
Last Tirthankara
A and B
None

Answer:

Mahavira (Mahavira), also known as Vardhamana, was the twenty-fourth Tirthankara (ford-maker) of Jainism. In the Jain tradition, it is believed that Mahavira was born in the early part of the 6th century BC into a royal family in what is now Bihar, India. At the age of thirty, abandoning all worldly possessions, he left his home in pursuit of spiritual awakening and became an ascetic. For the next twelve and a half years, Mahavira practiced intense meditation and severe austerities, after which he is believed to have attained Kevala Jnana (omniscience). He preached for thirty years, and is believed by Jains to have died in the 6th century BC. Scholars such as Karl Potter consider his biographical details as uncertain, with some suggesting he lived in the 5th century BC contemporaneously with the Buddha. Mahavira died at the age of 72, and his remains were cremated.


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Followers of Jainism pray to  


God
Tirthankara
All
None

Answer:

Followers of Jainism pray of Tirthankara.

But, They belive that God is creator.


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Rishabhadeva mentioned in  


Veda
Gita
A and B
None

Answer:

Rishabhadeva mentioned in Veda and Gita.


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Biographies of the Jain Tirthankaras called  


Tripitaka
Bible
Kalpa Sutra
None

Answer:

Biographies of the Jain Tirthankaras called Kalpa Sutra.


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The Author of Kalpa Sutra is  


Mahavira
Bhadrabahu
Parshvanatha
None

Answer:

The Author of Kalpa Sutra is Bhadrabahu.


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Birthplace of Mahavira is  


Bihar
Vaishali
India
None

Answer:

Birthplace of Mahavira is Vaishali District of Bihar, India.


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Death place of Mahavira is  


Pawapuri
Bihar
Kundagram
None

Answer:

Death place of Mahavira is Pawapuri.


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Father of Mahavira is  


Krishna
Siddhartha
Jamali
None

Answer:

Father of Mahavira is Siddhartha.


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Mother of Mahavira is  


Yashoda
Trishala
Maya
None

Answer:

Mother of Mahavira is Trishala .


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Wife of Mahavira is  


Maya
Vyjayanthi
Yashoda
Priyadarshana

Answer:

Wife of Mahavira is Yashoda


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The first follower of Mahavira is  


Anil
Rawat
Sikanta
Jamali

Answer:

The first follower of Mahavira is Jamali. He was the son in law of Mahavira.


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At the time of Mahavira who was the king of Magadha?  


Bimbisara
Bhattiya
Ajatashatru
None

Answer:

At the time of Mahavira Bimbisara was the king of Magadha.


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According to Jainism, purification of soul and liberation can be achieved through the path of three jewels, which are  


Samyak darsana, Samyak jnana and Samyak charitra
Correct View, Correct Knowledge and Correct Conduct
A and B
None

Answer:

According to Jainism, purification of soul and liberation can be achieved through the path of three jewels:

1. Samyak Darsana ("Correct View") - Faith in basic tenets of Jainism, acceptance of the self-evident truth of soul.

2. Samyak Jnana ("Correct Knowledge") - Knowledge of the tattvas without any doubt or misapprehension.

3. Samyak Charitra ("Correct Conduct") - behavior consistent with the Five vows

Jain texts often add samyak tap (Correct Asceticism) as the fourth jewel, thereby emphasizing their belief in ascetic practices as the means to liberation (moksha). The four jewels of orthodox Jain ideology are called moksha marg. According to Jain texts, the liberated pure soul (Siddha) goes up to the summit of universe (Siddhashila) and dwells there in eternal bliss.


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Scripture of Jainism is  


Tripitaka
Agamas
Jainas
None

Answer:

Jain scriptures are called Agamas. They are believed to have been verbally transmitted from one generation to next, much like the ancient Buddhist and Hindu texts, by the oral tradition. The Jain tradition believes that their religion is eternal, and the teachings of their first Tirthankara Rishabhanatha were their scriptures millions of years ago. The mythology states that the Tirthankara taught in a divine preaching hall called samavasarana, which were heard by the gods, the ascetics, and the layperson. The discourse delivered is called shrut Jnana and comprises eleven angas and fourteen purvas. The discourse is remembered and transmitted by the Ganadharas (chief disciples) and is composed of twelve angas ("departments"). It is symbolically represented by a tree with twelve branches.


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The first conference of Jainism was held in  


Patliputra
Kumbhgram
Nalanda
Madurai

Answer:

The first conference of Jainism was held in Patliputra at the time of Chandragupta Maurya. He was the founder of Mauryan Empire and grandfather of Ashoka became a monk and disciple of Jain ascetic Bhadrabahu during later part of his life.


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The first conference of Jainism starts on 322 B.C., But how much time it takes to end?  


22 years
24 years
20 years
25 years

Answer:

The first conference of Jainism starts on 322 B.C. and Ends on 298 B.C. It takes total 24 years.


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2nd conference of Jainism held in  


Gujrat
Ballavi
Patliputra
None

Answer:

2nd conference of Jainism held in Ballavi, Gujrat.


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Birth year of Mahavira is  


540 B.C
560 A.D
560 B.C
378 B.C

Answer:

Birth year of Mahavira is 540 B.C.


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how many years Mahavira did his meditation?  


10 years
12 years
14 years
16 years

Answer:

Meditation years of Mahavira is 12 years.


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In which year 2nd conference of Jainism started?  


512 A.D
500 A.D
498 A.D
516 A.D

Answer:

In 512 A.D, 2nd conference of Jainism started.


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Gautama Buddha was famously seated under a  


Banyan tree
Peepal tree
Devadaru tree
All

Answer:

Gautama Buddha was famously seated under a Peepal tree.


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Who wrote Buddhacarita?  


Asvaghosa
Nagarjuna
Avjuna
None

Answer:

Asvaghosa wrote Buddhacarita.


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